Focus stacking in Photoshop people!

small <rant>, was using Edge, the new browser in Win 10 and everytime I'd go to youtube to grab the link to insert here, it would blow away my post.  First time I thought it was a glitch, second time I was just dumb and did it again.  So now back on Chrome < \end rant>

So let's do this!  Focus stacking...what is it?  In a nutshell, which most things are, is this: Taking multiple images of a scene at different focus areas using manual focus and using Photoshop to blend them together to one final image.  How to do this?  Great question.

The setup is easy.  Put the camera on a tripod and focus on the closest item in the shot, your subject.  Then just adjust the focus a little farther out on each shot, turning the focus ring and taking shots until you get to the end of the focus limiter.  (infinity mark)

Can you take as many shots as you want?  Of course.  Can you use any f stop? sure, for this I used f/1.8.  Shutter speed and ISO are irrelevant but if you need a starting point I was at ISO 50 on the sony a7rii and 55 1.8 Zeiss lens using the Joby Gorilla Pod as my tripod.  It's great for getting those close to the ground shots.  The mode on my camera was aperture priority so shutter speed varied a little.  

I took 7 shots to compose this focus stack, and the tutorial is in the video below.  The final image is posted just below the video to see exactly how this turns out.  Also a gallery of the original images for reference is embedded as well.  

Final image - 7 image composite


Learning from mistakes

Everyone makes mistakes from time to time.  Sometimes you lock your keys in the car.  Sometimes you leave the sandwich too close to the counter edge with furry burglar nearby.  Either way, we all do it.  

The other night I was shooting landscapes in one of my favorite spots on top of Austin at the Pennybacker bridge.  

The night was awesome.  Stars out, cool breeze, not too chilly for Texas winter.  I had my tripod setup, camera was locked down, shutter speed dialed in to about 8 seconds, perfect.  I was trying to catch some stars and light trails in the viewfinder since we have a new moon.  My setup was awesome, at least I thought.  

When I looked in the 3" LCD the pics were looking so awesome.  

However upon inspection I noticed one crucial detail. &nbsp;They were not in focus. &nbsp;The bridge was ok, the side of the mountain too, but the stars and the background are all fuzzy. &nbsp;Why are they fuzzy, I mean all I did really was just aim my camera and turn the focus ring to manual, put it on infinity, and press the shutter button. &nbsp;  Well my friends that is where the lesson comes in to play. &nbsp;Always check your lenses to see where infinity focus is during the DAY!! &nbsp;Yes, this is huge. &nbsp;See, sometimes the focus ring on lenses can be different as to where "infinity" actually is. &nbsp;It could be smack in the middle of the sign on the focus ring. &nbsp;It could be off by 1mm left or right as well. &nbsp;I just kinda...well...turned it close to infinity and said "it can't be that bad can it?"

However upon inspection I noticed one crucial detail.  They were not in focus.  The bridge was ok, the side of the mountain too, but the stars and the background are all fuzzy.  Why are they fuzzy, I mean all I did really was just aim my camera and turn the focus ring to manual, put it on infinity, and press the shutter button.  

Well my friends that is where the lesson comes in to play.  Always check your lenses to see where infinity focus is during the DAY!!  Yes, this is huge.  See, sometimes the focus ring on lenses can be different as to where "infinity" actually is.  It could be smack in the middle of the sign on the focus ring.  It could be off by 1mm left or right as well.  I just kinda...well...turned it close to infinity and said "it can't be that bad can it?"

Example of focus set to infinity

Example of focus set to infinity

The answer is a resounding yes!  I did some testing just now and found out that even objects 15 to 20 ft away could have a different spot on the infinity symbol even though they are all more than 3 ft away.  (a common myth is that anything farther than 3ft away on a wide angle zoom you can just set the focus ring to infinity and it will be sharp)  

I found out my ring is dead center on the money for focus.  Everything farther than 3ft or for example in the picture above should have been focused dead on the infinity symbol.   The margin of error is so small that even .5 to 1 mm left or right made a fuzzy exposure.  See below.  

The moral of the story is this - Check the focusing on your wide angles in the daytime and make a mental note or keep something in your camera bag that shows where infinity focus is for that lens.